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New Heart English Bible If anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book. New American Standard and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life and from the holy city, which are written in this book. Jubilee Bible and if anyone shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life and out of the holy city and from the things which are written in this book.

American King James Version And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. American Standard Version and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book. Douay-Rheims Bible And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from these things that are written in this book.

Darby Bible Translation And if any one take from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book. English Revised Version and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book. Webster's Bible Translation And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

Weymouth New Testament and that if any one takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take from him his share in the Tree of Life and in the holy city--the things described in this book. World English Bible If anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, may God take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book. Young's Literal Translation and if any one may take away from the words of the scroll of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the scroll of the life, and out of the holy city, and the things that have been written in this scroll;'.

Deuteronomy You must not add to or subtract from what I command you, so that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God that I am giving you. Deuteronomy See that you do everything I command you; do not add to it or subtract from it. Proverbs Do not add to His words, lest He rebuke you and prove you a liar. Revelation But exclude the courtyard outside the temple. Do not measure it, because it has been given over to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for 42 months. Revelation I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation And the One seated on the throne said, "Behold, I make all things new. On either side of the river stood a tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit and yielding a fresh crop for each month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations. Revelation "Behold, I am coming quickly. Blessed is the one who keeps the words of prophecy in this book. Young's Literal Translation and if any one may take away from the words of the scroll of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the scroll of the life, and out of the holy city, and the things that have been written in this scroll;' Study Bible Nothing May Be Added 18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of prophecy in this book: If anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book.

But Jesus has the sharp sword. His sword cuts with both edges The power of life and death belongs to Jesus and not to the rulers. They can only kill the body. But Jesus has the power of life and death of the whole person. Verse 13 Jesus spoke to them. There were so many false gods. People did so many evil things in that town. It was very hard to be a Christian there. The Christians lived in constant danger.

They killed Antipas because he trusted in Jesus. They were brave. They were even willing to die for Jesus. Some members did not live as they should. Some people there did what Balaam taught Balak. The story of Balaam and Balak is in Numbers chapters 22 to These members did not want to be different from the other people in Pergamum.

They were happy to eat the food of false gods. They did the same things as other people. They even had sex with those who did not trust in Jesus. They may have had sex with more than one partner. This is against what Jesus taught. Some also followed what the Nicolaitans taught. Perhaps they belonged to the same group because they did the same things. Christians ought to be different from those who do not trust in Jesus. They should do what he taught. They should not live to the standards of the world. They ought not to have members like these. If they do not then Jesus will come.

Verse 17 What other people do tempts us. We may want to live as they do. But God calls us to live for him. Jesus taught us how we should live. They were in the desert and he gave them this for food Exodus chapter Those who overcome will have the food of heaven to eat. This may mean food for the spirit while on earth. It may be a promise of heaven. On that stone, there is a name. It is a new name and nobody else knows it.

Jesus died for all people. In the races at Pergamum, those who win receive a white stone. Those who overcome have won the race of life. The new name on the stone may be the name of the person who overcomes. That new name is a prize and an honour. This will be the name of that person in the new age. In chapter , Jesus has a name on him, but nobody except Jesus himself knows it. He gives his name to his own people.

Those who know the name will be close friends of Jesus. I am the Son of God. My eyes are like a flame of fire. You are doing more now than you did at the start. You let that woman called Jezebel remain among you. She encourages them to have wrong sex. She causes them to eat food from the table of false gods.

However, she does not want to change. And whoever has sex with her will suffer greatly. They must turn from the wicked things that they did with her. And I will give to each of you whatever your works deserve. You have not believed what Jezebel taught. So, I will not make life any more difficult for you.

Hold on to it until I come. To them, I will give power. They shall rule the nations. And they will break the nations as if they were dried mud.

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This is what I also have received from my Father. Verse 18 This is the longest letter and it is the most difficult. We know less about Thyatira than the other cities. It is south and east of Pergamum at a distance of 40 miles. It was famous for its trade. There were many trade unions in Thyatira. Each one of these was for a particular trade. This caused real problems for the Christians.

They had to belong to the union in order to get work in their trade. Jesus describes himself as the Son of God. This is very different from the local god. His name was Apollo Tyrimnos. People thought that he was the son of a god called Zeus. But Jesus really is the Son of the real God. The eyes of Jesus were like a flame of fire. He could see all the problems of the Christians. He could see through all that Jezebel taught. He sees all things. He is able to deal with all the problems.

This shows that Jesus is more magnificent than any false gods, or even the king of Rome. So, the church in Thyatira should give honour to Jesus and not to these false gods. He knew all about the Christians in Thyatira. He liked so many of the things that he saw. They had not lost their love. It had not grown weak as it had in Ephesus.

They believed in him. They trusted him completely. They served God and not the local gods. They were doing more now than they did before. Life in Thyatira was difficult for them. What we do for each other shows our love. As the love of the Christians in Thyatira increased, they did more. There had been a queen, also called Jezebel. She was the wife of king Ahab. She was a wicked woman. Jezebel encouraged Ahab to do all kinds of wicked deeds 1 Kings This woman was probably very clever.

She was able to convince people that she was right. She said that she had special knowledge from God. She taught the Christians to live as the people in Thyatira did. She said that it was right to join the trade unions. They would even think that it was not wrong to have sex with different partners. This is an important question for Christians of all times. They have to decide how much they can join in with the local activities. They must not deny what the Bible teaches. But they are members of the society in which they live.

What she was doing was evil. She knew it. He had warned her and he had given her time to change. The bed here is a place of illness and pain. She will suffer much for the evil things that she had done. They too will suffer illness and pain. But they still have the chance to avoid the punishment. They must not do those things that they knew to be wrong. Verse 23 These are not her children by natural birth. She was like a mother to them. They believed all that she taught.

He sees all that we do. He knows all about us. He will be the judge of every person. He will punish or reward them. They will get what they deserve. We know that none of us deserves a reward. We all deserve death. However, he will be the judge of what Christians do. And he will give rewards to some Christians. Verses Jezebel argued that Christians should join in the things of the false gods. She probably said that the false gods were not really bad. Therefore, there would be no problem for the Christians. What she taught was false. Most Christians in Thyatira did not follow Jezebel.

They must continue in love and service to God. His people must continue to love him and to trust him. And they must continue until he comes. They continue to the end. Jesus will give power to his people when he comes to rule on earth. They will share with Jesus as he rules. They will lead the nations as those who lead sheep. They will be able to encourage the people. A man who makes pots uses an iron bar to break any bad pots. Jesus has this power which God the Father gave to him.

Jesus will share this power with his people. Verse 28 We do not know what the morning star means. But this is a description of Jesus. He is like the bright morning star I hold the 7 spirits of God and the 7 stars. I know what you are doing. Everyone may think that you are alive. But you are dead. Give strength to those things that have almost died. I have looked at what you are doing. Your actions do not satisfy what God wants. Obey what you heard. So, if you do not wake up, I will come like a thief.

And you will not know at what time I will come to you. They will walk with me in white clothes because they deserve it. I will not remove their names from the book of life. Verse 1 Sardis was about 30 miles south of Thyatira and 50 miles east of Ephesus. It was on the side of a mountain.

Below it there was a large plain. It was in a good position for an army to defend. It had been a powerful and rich city. But it was not still as strong as it had been. The letter comes from Jesus, who holds the 7 spirits of God and the 7 stars. Christ has the Spirit who alone can give life. Jesus holds the 7 stars in his right hand But by this time, it had lost its life.

This process was slow. They did not see it happen. So, they did not live as they should. In the past, armies had twice defeated Sardis. They were able to do this because nobody watched. In other words, the Christians need to be aware of what is happening. But some things there did not seem to be dead. A sleeper may seem dead until he wakes.

Study Guide for Revelation 22 by David Guzik

But, unlike a dead body, a sleeper is not hopeless. He is still alive. But perhaps it was more like a sleeper. Perhaps it could recover, like a man who wakes. It must turn from its wrong actions. The Christians in Sardis were doing a lot. Much of the activity seemed to be for God. But God saw the reality. Their actions did not satisfy what God wanted. Verse 3 Christ tells the Christians to remember what they had received.

They received new life from God. They must obey his word and live for him.

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It is as if they must wake out of their present sleep. Or, as if they must come alive again. He will come when they do not expect it. He will not announce when he is coming. He will deal with them and he will be their judge. Their belief made no difference to their lives. They were behaving like people who make their own clothes dirty. In Sardis, the people coloured wool and they made clothes.

If the wool was dirty, it was not useful. This means that they did not live by the standards of the local people. Instead, they lived by what they had learned from the word of God. This means that they will be holy. They will walk with him. This means that their lives will please him.


He gives to them the reward that he earned. They do not deserve it because of anything that they have done. They obtain it because they believe in Christ. What they believed changed their lives. Verse 5 There are three parts to the promise for those who overcome. They will wear white clothes. Their names will be in the book of life. Many people died because they were Christians. In heaven, they have white clothes All the people in heaven have white clothes The clothes are white to show that they are not dirty.

So, the clothes of Christians in heaven are white because Jesus made them clean. He gives the white clothes to those who believe. This means that he gives his own goodness to them. He makes them perfect. The idea is that God has a book. In it, he wrote the names of all those who would be his people. Those whose names are in the book would go to heaven. Those whose names are not in the book cannot go to heaven. Jesus will take those who overcome to be at home with him.

He will introduce them to God the Father. What he said to them, he says to Christians in every age. I am holy and true. I hold the key of David. What I open nobody can shut. And what I shut nobody can open. Look, I have given you an open door. Nobody is able to shut that door. I know that you have just a little power. However, you have obeyed my word and you have not denied my name. I will make them come. They will fall down at your feet. They shall know that I have loved you. You have been patient even in troubles and you have not turned away.

So, I will protect you from the time of trouble. This time of trouble will come to the whole world. That time will test all who live on the earth. Hold on to what you have. Let nobody take your crown from you. They will never leave it again. I will write on them the name of my God and the name of the city of my God. That is the new Jerusalem, which will come down out of heaven from my God. I will also write on them my own new name. Verse 7 Philadelphia was at the east end of a broad valley. The soil in the valley was good for agriculture.

Philadelphia was on the main road from Sardis to the port near Smyrna. So, there was much trade in the city. The inhabitants of Philadelphia had many parties for their gods. One of them first built this city. Attalus so loved his brother that they called him Philadelphus lover of his brother. The name of the city came from this name for Attalus. Jesus says that he is holy and true. And they would understand that this phrase described the Christ.

They expected that Christ would come. But they did not recognise Jesus as that Christ. Jesus writes as God and as the true Christ. The person who holds the key has the power. David was a great king. God chose David to be king over his people. One of the names for the Christ was the son of David. The Christ will be king in heaven and on the earth. He will rule over all people and things.

Jesus is that king and he has that power. A person with a key has the power to open or to close a door. And the door means the events that Jesus controls. So, with that key, Jesus can open or shut any door. No person can open a door that Jesus has shut. No person can shut a door that Jesus has opened. Jesus is in control of all that happens. Verse 8 Jesus has opened a door for the Christians in Philadelphia.

Nobody can shut this door on them. Those who belong to Christ can go in there. It did not have a major effect on the city. They believed the word of God and they obeyed it. People tried to force them to deny the name of Christ. But they would not. They were loyal to Jesus at all times. That was not true. They were lying. Then they will come. They will fall down at the feet of the Christians. They will know that they were wrong. Verse 10 The Christians in Philadelphia had obeyed what Jesus taught. They had been loyal to him. They were strong in their belief. But immediately before that, there will be a terrible time.

It will last for three and a half years. There will be a strong and evil king. He will rule for this period. Then Jesus will come and punish him. This period is the time of trouble. Starting in chapter 6, we read about the things that will happen in those three and a half years. But it might mean that he will protect them from damage during the time of trouble. God the Father has fixed the date.

Nobody knows that date except the Father. When that day comes, Jesus will come. Until Jesus comes, the Christians must continue to believe in him. And when Jesus comes, he will come with great power. He will take his people from the earth. The crown is the prize for the winner in a race. All who remain firm to the end are winners. Christians must be careful so that nobody will cause them to fail. Sometimes it was dangerous to remain in Philadelphia. The people had to leave the city and live in temporary homes. They will be safe from all dangers. These are the name of God, the name of the city of God and his own new name.

They will belong to God. They will be citizens of the New Jerusalem chapter And they will always be with Christ himself. I am the loyal and the true witness. I rule over all that God has created. You are like water that is neither cold nor hot. I wish that you were either cold or hot.

What Is the Significance of the Tree of Life? (Revelation 22:2)

You declare that you are wealthy. You say that you need nothing. But you do not know that you need help. You do not know that you are miserable, poor, blind and naked. Fire has made this gold pure. Buy it so that you can become rich. Also, buy white clothing from me so that you can dress yourself. Then you will cover up your shame and you will not be naked.

And I give them strict discipline. I am knocking on it. If you hear my voice, then open the door. I will come in to you. I will eat with you. And you will eat with me. Verse 14 Laodicea was about 40 miles south and east of Philadelphia. It was the richest city in the region. The people there had sheep with soft black wool. The city was famous for this wool. With it, the people made clothes, which they sold. With so much wealth from farms and commerce, they had successful banks.

The banks had large stocks of gold. The people in Laodicea were proud of their medical school. The school produced a wide range of medicines. There was no supply of water in the city. So, they had to bring water from about six miles away. The water came through a system of pipes. But the supply could dry up when the weather was hot. It is that which is. It is what will be. It is that which is real and permanent. What he says is always true. He speaks what he knows.

He talks about what he sees. We can believe all that he says. We can trust him. Jesus is the ruler of all that God has made. He was there at the start when God created all things. God made all things by Jesus. He made all things for Jesus. He knows all that there is to know. He knew the Christians in Laodicea. He saw what they had done. He knew their thoughts. He knew what they did. He knew why they did these things. The hot weather warmed the pipes. The water was warm, not cold or hot. It was not nice to drink. Such water made one feel sick. They were not like cold water.

Cold water is good to drink. They were not like hot water. Hot water has many good uses. But they were like water that is neither cold nor hot. It was as if they made him sick. He would throw them away as one does with bad water. Verse 17 Jesus explains why he was not happy with them. They thought that they were doing well. They had all that they wanted. They were rich and they had achieved it themselves. They were proud of what they had achieved.

They were so pleased because of their wealth. They did not think that they needed anything. But their opinions about themselves were not correct. It was true that they had plenty of money. But in their spirits, they were in a bad state. In reality, they were poor. They had nothing of which to be proud. They could not see the true state of their lives with God. So, to God, they seemed as if they were blind. They had expensive clothes. But to God they seemed as if they were naked.

The people in Laodicea were proud of their wealth. They were proud of their wool and the clothes that they made. It was as if the inner life of the Christians lacked all three of these. So, Jesus told them that they were poor, blind and naked. But they did not understand it. Verse 18 They had plenty of gold but they were poor.

The gold from the banks was no use to God. Everything that has real value comes from God. What he gives is better than the purest gold. God told them to buy from him. We buy without price Isaiah We receive from God, as we believe in him. They could buy clothes of black wool in the market. To wear white clothes means to be clean and innocent. He suffered and he died because of them. When we trust in him, he can declare us innocent. He alone can make us clean. The cause of their problems was that they were blind to their real state. In other words, they could not see that they needed help.

With their wealth and easy life, they thought that they needed nothing. People used it to cure diseases of the eye. It helped people to see more clearly. It was as if they were blind. But they did not know it. In other words, they could not see know the reality about their situation. Until they knew it, God could not cure them. It was as if they needed to open their eyes in order to see know the truth. The reason for this is that he loves them. God hates all kinds of evil things, wrong actions and bad attitudes. He wants those whom he loves to be free from these.

So, God corrects all whom he loves. He trains his children as a good father does. Discipline is always hard at the time. But it benefits the person. The Christians in Laodicea should be eager to improve. They should want to please God their father. Verse 20 It was as if, by their wrong attitudes, the Christians in Laodicea had pushed Christ out of their lives.

He demanded that they let him in again. He is like someone who is knocking at a door. A person has to open the door from the inside. That person has to choose whether to open the door or not. Jesus will come in if they invite him. When he comes in, they will eat together. They will have a close friendship with Jesus. Jesus tells his friends about the future. Verse 21 Those who live for Jesus now, will live with him beyond death. They are the people who overcome. They will share with Jesus the king. They will rule with him.

And Jesus has power over all people and things. He shows them where they are wrong. He gives great promises of reward to those who do.

Bible Living

The voice spoke to me. I will show you what must happen after this. The sight of it was like the precious stone called an emerald. They wore white clothes and they had gold crowns on their heads. These are the seven Spirits of God. They were full of eyes both in front and behind. The third creature had a face like a human face.

They were full of eyes all round and inside them. They did not rest by day or by night. He has all power. He was and he is. And he is yet to come. They give him honour and they thank him. And he will never die. He lives for all time and he will never die. By your decision they existed, and you created them. He tried to describe this in these two chapters. And from chapter 6, he writes about future events. John saw a door that was open.

It was the way into heaven. The voice that John heard before spoke to him again. It called him to come up through that door. The control of all history is in heaven and not on earth. God has the end of history in his plans. His plans cannot fail. God is king above all other kings. Verse 3 John did not write about God as having a physical body. Rather, John gives an impression of God as bright light.

This bright light shone as the light shines from precious stones. The jasper was probably a clear stone like a diamond. The carnelian was red. There was a rainbow, which glows with all colours. John could not describe all that he had seen. He could only give us an impression of these things. The languages of earth are not able to describe what is in heaven.

There are similar descriptions in Ezekiel chapter 1 and Isaiah chapter 6. Each time they appear in this book, they are praising God. They bring to God the prayers of his people Revelation Their job is to serve and to praise God. Their crowns show that they are royal people. John hears these sounds as the voice of God. We cannot see the Holy Spirit. So here, the 7 lamps show that the Holy Spirit is there. He is also the 7 Spirits of God. We should not understand this as 7 Spirits.

These show seven views of the same Spirit. Here it shows that the person and work of the Spirit is perfect. Verse 6 The sea of glass adds to the effect of what John saw in heaven. They had eyes in front and behind. They saw all that happened. Nothing could hide from them. They were strong like the lion. They were wise as a wise man.

The wings show the speed with which they obeyed God. The eyes made them aware of all that was round about them. They cry aloud that God is holy. They praise him for his power. Nobody else has power as strong as his.